Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are both surgical and medical specialists. A multitude of diseases and conditions can be diagnosed from the eye.
Ophthalmology includes subspecialties which deal either with certain diseases or diseases of certain parts of the eye. Some of them are:
Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa, by an ophthalmologist. The eye is a fragile organ, and requires extreme care before, during, and after a surgical procedure.