Urology is the surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of male and female, and on the reproductive system of male. Medical professionals specialising in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).
In men, the urinary system overlaps with the reproductive system, and in women the urinary tract opens into the vagina. In both sexes, the urinary and reproductive tracts are close together, and disorders of one often affect the other. Urology combines management of medical (i.e. non-surgical) problems such as urinary infections, and surgical problems such as the correction of congenital abnormalities and the surgical management of cancers and kidney stones. Surgical methods include open, endoscopic and laparoscopic (key-hole) operations.
Urology is closely related to, and in some cases overlaps with, the medical fields of oncology, nephrology, gynaecology, paediatric surgery, plastic surgery, proctology, dermatology and endocrinology.
This is a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The main advantage is the reduced blood loss and quicker recovery with one day hospitalisation.
This is the most up-to-date and modern LASER used in urology for the endoscopic removal of kidney stones without conventional surgery. We have all the necessary facilities in our Hospital to tackle any kidney stone with the use of the Holmium LASER (rigid and flexible ureterorenoscopy). This allows surgery with minimal post-operative pain and faster recovery. The hospital stay is usually 1 night.
Laparoscopic surgery involves carrying out operations without the large skin incisions of conventional surgery (“key-hole” surgery). This has the advantage of less blood loss, less post-operative pain and faster recovery. The average hospital stay for laparoscopic urological operations is 2-3 days.
At Polyclinic Ygia we carry out a wide range of state-of-art laparoscopic operations for renal stones, urological tumours as well as reconstructive operations for congenital disorders. Some of the commoner laparoscopic operations include the following:
• Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer
• Laparoscopic partial and total nephrectomy (kidney removal)
• Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty for congenital kidney obstruction
• Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy for stone removal
• Laparoscopic varicocelectomy
• Laparoscopic removal of kidney cyst
At Ygia Polyclinic we have so far carried out over 250 laparoscopic urological procedures since 2008 when we started our experience.