Neurosurgery is the surgical specialty focused on treating the central, peripheral nervous system and spinal column diseases amenable to surgical intervention.

Modern neurosurgery has benefited greatly from advances in computer assisted imaging (computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magneto encephalography (MEG) etc) and the development of stereotactic surgery.

As one of the most research-oriented specialties of medicine, the scope of Neurosurgery has expanded as new diagnostic techniques allow Surgeons to perform more complicated surgeries.